1. violence and sexual assault. This matter is

1. Introduction

It is likely that anyone might become victim of
domestic violence. In Vietnam, it has been one of the biggest problem that 58%
of women have to suffer recently (Thanh Nien News, 2015, cited in “Domestic
violence in Vietnam”, 2016). “Domestic violence can impact anyone regardless of
their gender, race, age, culture or religion” (Kanchiputu & Mwale,
2006 ). It has a variety of forms, namely
emotional abuse, physical violence and sexual
assault. This matter is happening due to numerous reasons, but the major cause
is lack of background knowledge about domestic aggression .The problem is worse
because of outdated views which
means in order to maintaining happiness in
family, women are tolerant and they still continue to suffer from their
husband. Meanwhile, being a bread-maker even, men seem to treat their partner
unfair anytime for unreasonable causes. Moreover, children who have
unforgettable childhood accidentally become victims of domestic violence in
their family. To tackle the problem, it seems to be a long-term process;
however ” it can vary case by case, but we should not keep silent. Keeping
silent is dying” (Beth 
& Brett, 2013 ). It is necessary for victims to have more chances to raise their voice and be paid
more attention from different groups, both neighborhood and local community.
Thus, this essay will provide updated facts, discuss the effects of domestic
violence and suggest efficient ways to protect the victims from this issue.

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2.
Discussion of findings

2.1.
Shocking facts of domestic violence in Vietnam

“For many years almost every Vietnamese woman took
it for granted that unconditional service to men is the natural function, a
required sacrifice, and an expression of self-denial, necessary in the role of
women in the family” (Le, n.d.). Representing womanhood in different discussion
forums, a numerous women admit that they are suffering at the hands of their
husbands due to unreasonable understanding of partners in their daily lives.
“Domestic violence is a problem but it is basically a silent problem” (Beth 
& Brett, 2013). In lieu of raising their voice for help, victims
silently endure during a long period. According to Dr Nguyen (2016), “some
women think that it is karma and they are suffering for something they did in
their past life”. Traditionally, women have poor background and they are likely
accepted that it is their destiny whether they are beaten by their partners.
Moreover, a bigger issue in Vietnam society seems to be the fear of losing
dignity. Many women feeling ashamed about what had happen to them intend to
hide it from anyone. After marriage, the happy times end quickly because they
might give their life to the service of their family, including their husband
and children in any circumstances. It seems that women beaten up daily for many
intolerable years make every effort to endure life as a human punch-bag. To
protect victims from violent actions, the government enacts law which is called
“the Law on Gender Equality and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention” (Asialife,
2016). However, this problem may be difficult to address, for most women
do not know their rights. In addition, stereo type of Vietnamese women is to
stand sacrifices and hardships. They stand both physical and psychological pain
after husband’s actions in lieu of accusing their husbands of their violent
behaviors in order to avoid family separation and their children.

2.2.
Effects of domestic violence

2.2.1.
Women face to domestic abuse

Women who are most at risk for domestic violence have
coped with physical abuse made up by their husbands. It is clearly seen that
the common feature of any situations between male and female is an imbalance of
control and power. Male representing bread-maker in their family still maintain
thinking that their wives do not take care of their families and talk back to
them with their neighbors. They constantly use physical actions which bring
about injuries to victims if they tend to run into stiff resistance. Besides,
behavior denying essential needs of victims is physical violence. Men have a
tendency to beat their wives and ignore them when they desire to help them. In
some cases, women also suffer from sexual abuse. Women accidently become winebibber
or drug addict as drugs seem to help them to forget their painful bodies. They
would rather repeat to self-kill by addictions than be slaves of their
husbands. Besides, emotional abuse is likely behavior that threat,
intimidation, or the victim’s freedom limitation. Psychological abuse including
conflict action or statement might affect to human dignity. The abusers have a
tendency to make efforts to keep victims from contacting with their friends and
family. They deem that the victim could not leave the relationship with them
because victims impossibly rely on anyone except for them. Isolation
contributes the victim’s internal strength damaging and self-defense ability
loosing. In many cases, those women often get several troubles which relates to
their emotion. They tend to have negative thinking and tackle with their
problem by suicide. Unexpectedly, results of numerous studies illustrate that
“victims of domestic violence are more likely to maltreat their children than
those who are not abused by their partners” (UN 2010). It is worth that they
should be received condemnation even though it is probable that they
unintentionally make wounds of their children.

2.2.2.
Children are influenced by domestic violence

Different from Vietnamese women, children are
accidently become consequences of domestic abuse in their families. “41.2%
respondents said that domestic violence affects to the abused child to lose
interest in education” (Kanchiputu
& Mwale, 2016). Sometimes, victimized children go to school late
because they have to do pieces of household work, even they absent from school
due to verbal aggression and
physical injury. Those youngsters could not concentrate on their studies and
often have flashbacks about the abuse (Jaclyn,
n.d.) which resulted from different misunderstanding of their parents. Domestic
violence also negatively impacts on children’s behavior at school. It is
certain that they use aggression as a way which they might get what they want.
The reason why boys tend to become more aggressive is that girl students
consider it is normality at school. In the majority of cases, children
witnessing domestic abuse seem to have less chance to enjoy their wonderful
childhood than others. They often grow up independently instead of being taken
care by their parents. It is probable that parents should make good example to
their children who might follow, but victimized kids apparently hide their
feeling at home and behave as uneducated people in society. Children are like
“a pressure cooker waiting to let out the stream” (Rebecca, 2011). Certainly,
domestic violence results in negative adjustment of the victim who may find it
difficult to trust their partners of their marriage in the future. They are often
more aggressive in any circumstances and they treat unfairly to their members
of family such as verbal abuse and non-verbal abuse. In many cases, the
children grow up being affected by the violence, and sometimes these scars
might have a long-term impact on their lives (Jaclyn, n.d.).

2.3. Domestic
violence might to be tackled efficiently

According to Gender and
Development Research Institute, 49.7% of families are broken up because of
family violence (Binh, 2011). It is clearly seen that this problem be should to
be solved as soon as possible by both individuals and the Vietnamese
government. Regarding women, they have a duty to make enquiries carefully about their partners before
their marriage and they also should understand more about domestic aggression
to protect themselves whether it happens. Therefore, women ought not to keep
silence if they realize that they are victims of mistreat in their home. Nevertheless,
it is high time for the women to maintain good relationship with their spouses
by listening to them, sharing with them and taking care of their families. In
term of children, they had better give several good advices to their
maternities to limit unexpected harms for the victim of violence. Furthermore,
being witnesses of domestic abuse, children should not behave as way which they
might to deal with this problem early. With regard to the Vietnamese
government, they are duty-bound to illustrate that what a
serious violence issue! Besides, the authority should expand financial-support
organizations and provide safe accommodations for the victim (Legal Guide,
2017).  As stated by the FindLaw (n.d.),
there are many non-profit groups dedicated to helping people cope with domestic
abuse. However, those groups might help women to be economically independent in
their daily life (Cohn, 2014). It is necessary that the Vietnamese government
make penalties for internal violence. These days, people who have violent
motion likely take full responsibility for their act before law of avoiding
domestic violence in Vietnam.

 

 

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