1. which the product will be manufactured needs

1.          
Routing is the first stage of production planning, its
purpose is to design the process of manufacturing the product. During this
stage the sequence in which each process is completed is determined.

 

The facility in which the
product will be manufactured needs to be determined. This may even involve designing
a new facility with the correct amount of space for each stage of production
but also with an efficient layout.

 

The
supplier of raw materials or resources needs to be decided so that the quality
of the final product can be determined and sent to the marketing department
ready for advertising.

 

The
amount of products to be made is an important factor to consider in this stage
so that the production line and machinery can cope with the demand. New machinery
may need to be ordered to complete specific jobs or to replace human workers
eg. Robots.

 

The
type of production method needs to be determined and once determined, the
sequence of each required process can be created and changed to achieve the
most efficient process possible.

 

Routing
must take into account many factors such as human needs, these could be breaks for
lunch or even planning ahead incase of injury or sick days. Suitable employees
must be chosen to complete each job. The skill level of each employee should be
determined so that additional training can be conducted before they are
expected to work on a section.

 

2.          
Scheduling is the second stage of
production planning. It sorts out the details in the schedule and makes sure
that the schedule can be completed in a realistic timescale.

 

It
will sort out the specific time needed to complete each process and allow extra
time incase of any un-planned maintenance

 

The scheduling
process will determine the priority of each operation and if a certain task has
to be completed in a certain order. An example would be that you must wait for
materials to arrive before you can start manufacturing a part.

 

There
are different timescales to the scheduling so that the workers can be given a
weekly or daily schedule and the management can be given a schedule with a
longer timescale.

 

Ultimately,
scheduling ensures that the process is as efficient as it can be and the
company utilises resources in the best way possible

 

3.          
Dispatching is when the production is
started and each part of the plan is implemented into the process.

Dispatching includes doing the following tasks:

–              
Receiving materials, machines and any parts needed to create the
product

–              
Issuing the technical drawings, creating specific instructions and
informing workers of specific details needed to complete their job

–              
Creating log books to document the efficiency of the process and ensure
that each job is completed in the allocated timeframe.

–              
Programming machinery so that it can be used correctly.

–              
Recording down time in order to help calculate efficiency and help with
improvements in the future

 

4.          
Follow-up is the last process of
planning and production. It evaluates the whole process and researches into
ways in which the process can be improved. It aims to reduce delays or any
limitations in the process. Follow up ensures that future work runs smoothly
with minimal issues.

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