1. World Health Organization [WHO] , 2017 ),

 

1. Introduction

Family is said to be the safest place,
the happiest heaven in one’s hearts . However , to many others, it is the place
where they are victims of violence every day. Domestic violence or domestic
abuse are not unfamiliar words. There has been no exact definition of it, but
it is defined as the action of abusing someone carried out by one family member
in order to direct the other ( Wikipedia ). It includes sexual abuse or
physical and emotional attacks such as using fist, hitting and so on. In Viet
Nam and other countries in the world, domestic abuse has been a great concern for
years, at an alarming rate. What do you think about the figure ” 31,500 ” ? .
That is the number of cases of domestic violence occurring in Viet Nam every
year, according to Nguyen Quan ( 2017 ). It is obvious that this problem can
not be solved immediately, but with the efforts of organizations, the
governments and individuals,  it can be
lessened . Therefore, this research paper is aimed at providing information on
the main causes of domestic violence and several measures to deal with this
issue.

2.
Discussion of findings

2.1.
 The
reality of domestic violence against women in Viet Nam and in other parts of
the world

Following the statistic of World
Health Organization WHO , 2017 ), 35 %  of women over the world had to suffer from
either sexual or physical abuse from the partner in their lifetime. Domestic
violence against women occurs in both countries which are under and over
developed .In the United Sates, every minute , there are 20 people who are
victims of physical abuse. Among them, 76% 
of victims are women. In 2012 , 924 women were murdered by their
intimate partner . ( National Coalition Against Domestic Violence NCADV ) .
In England and Wales, 1.2 million women were reported to be victim of some
kinds of domestic violence, according to Alan Travis ( 2017 ) . Unfortunately ,
in many other parts of the world, this kind of crime is legal as there is no
regulation of it .

In Vietnam , the victims of domestic
violence are mainly married women . As reported by National Study On Domestic
Violence Against Women In Viet Nam ( 2010 ) , almost 5%  of women were beaten by their husband during
pregnancy. Also in an article by Chi An ( 2015 ), approximately 60% of women
who were married had to endure physical or sexual violence from the partner or
a male member in their family at least once in their life and nearly 58%  of women suffered from both kinds of violence.
Most of the victims did not seek for help from the community, additionally, the
majority of cases of domestic violence were not looked into and they continued
more frequently.

2.2.
Possible causes of domestic violence against women

Family violence often takes place
behind the closed door (Broderick , E . 2015 ). 
 Violence orginates mainly in
power when the partner has the intention of controlling the other, according to
Tody D.Goldsmith, MD. She also mentions five main reasons why people use
violence with others namely low self-esteem, extreme jealousy, hardships to
control anger and other strong feelings or when background education makes them
feel inferior to the other. Family violence can come from situational or
individual aspects .

Nevertheless, there are some
additional causes of domestic violence against women . The most significant
factor that makes this problem popular is change after marriage. For a period
of time living with the intimate partner, they realize that finance is becoming
a burden to their family, especially when they have their babies as they have
to make more efforts to look after not only themselves but also their children
. In addition, when people feel dissatisfied with their partner when they go
out without permission, prepare for meals late or neglect their children, they
tend to lose their temperature and use violence. Moreover, when conflicts in
family happen, couples do not know how to reconcile. As a result, arguments
become more intensive and the intimate partner is violent toward the other. The
second factor contributing to domestic violence against women is the use of
drugs and alcohol. When the concentration of alcohol in a person’s blood is
high or he or she uses drugs, it is less probable to control his or her violent
actions toward their partner.  The third
possible factor that leads to domestic violence against women is family’s
influence. In the article ” What causes domestic violence “, Tody D.Goldsmith,
MD says that boys in families or in their community where violence is believed
to be a means of bringing up children will be affected because they learn the
behavior from the older. When they grow up , they repeat the abuse of which
they used to be victic. Besides some people with conventional beliefs , that
they control their partner is right. Consequently, they think that it is not
worth respecting women and see violence directed women as normal. She also
mentions that people who come down with psychological disorder can be a reason
why they abuse their intimate partner.  Last
but not least, the continuation of victims to keep silence can be regarded as a
cause of this issue. A large number of women do not call for help from the
community. They just consider the violent behavior from their partner out of
control, so the perpetrators go on thinking that directing the other is right
and continue their action more often.

2.3. Some solutions to domestic violence against women

We are well aware that family
violence again women has several bad impacts on not only their physical health
but also mental one and they can last long . This problem can not be solved
immediately , but 

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