Human rights and their protection can
be seen in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the UN General
Assembly on 10 December 1948.  Principles stated in the Declaration have
been preserved by the international community ever since and led to different
sorts of penalties against states that fail to preserve or infringe them. Provisions
of Human Rights which are most pertinent in respect of protection of civilian
population1,
is the
principle of human dignity, the principle of
non-discrimination, the right to life, liberty and
security of person, the prohibition of slavery or
servitude, and the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment.

From above, it is clear that human
rights law is somehow related to humanitarian law in respect of protection of human
beings caught in the catastrophe or meteoric of armed conflict.  Human
rights law provides a set of rights to any human being, regardless of the
situation. It applies to all, regardless combatants or non-combatants and applies
in all situation whether in state of armed conflict or at peace. From research
that I have made, the distinctness between humanitarian and human rights law
can be seen in the approach they adopt. Human rights law does not condition
applicability of individual rights to any particular group, unlike humanitarian
law which focuses on protection of non-combatants as a group.

1
‘Protecting Civilians In Conflicts: Human Rights and
Humanitarian Law’ (E-International
Relations, 2018)
accessed 15 January 2018

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