Although areas of central provinces and many rural

Although it is challenging and sometimes seems almost impossible to bring back the peace in Somalia, young Somalis must be given opportunities to participate in decision-making. Somalia, perhaps the world’s most emblematic and archetypal “failed state”, has had a dysfunctional central government since 1991, and the current political reveals nothing but hopelessness. Most of the Somalis are going through difficult circumstances; frequent droughts and starvation. Facing with decades of civil war and chaos, violence and terrorism became part of their daily life. In the south, which is controlled by Al-Shabab, the situation is as grim. Unfortunately, there is not even a glimpse of “peace” or good news. Among all the economic issues and governing issues, the extremist islamic terrorist group, Al-Shabaab, remains as the major dilemma for Somalia and the international community as it continues to indiscriminately target (attack) their own citizens. Al-Shaba, meaning “The Youth” in Arabic, has frequently carried out a string of attacks across the region. Until today, it still controls a vast amount of land in the South, and continues to ____. Although it has lost control of most towns and cities, it still dominates significant areas of central provinces and many rural areas. In addition, it has the potential to retake territory and regain the impaired reputation as a provider of social services to civilians. It is banned as a terrorist group by both the US and the UK and is believed to have between 7,000 and 9,000 fighters. Al-Shabab advocates to control territory in Somalia to establish a society based on a strict version of the Sharia Law. There have also been numerous reports that al-Shabab may have formed some links with other militant groups in Africa, such as Boko Haram in Nigeria. Recently, in October 2017, al-Shabab is known to be responsible for the killing of at least 500 people in a hug truck bombing in the capital Mogadishu. According to Abdullahi Mohamed Shirwac, the chairman of the 11-member government investigation committee, “Nearly 70 people remain missing, and 295 still have injuries suffered in the attack.” The October 14 attack was already the deadliest in Somalia’s modern history.Despite several efforts from the UN and U.S., Somalia has been torn by conflict and prolonged instability for almost all of its 48 years of independence, which has created an opening for terrorist groups, such as Al-Shabaab. Somalia In 1969, Muhammad Siad Barre assumes power after a coup, declares the country to be a socialist state and nationalizes most of the economy. With the political situation deteriorating, Barre’s long-standing government in 1991 eventually collapsed when a power struggle occurs between the clan warlords Mohamed Farah Aideed and Ali Mahdi Mohamed, which results in the death and wounding of thousands of civilians. Landing in 1993, the UN peacekeeping coalition started to provide humanitarian relief. However, the UN soldiers eventually withdrew altogether from the country on 3 March 1995, having incurred more significant casualties. By the late 1990s Somalia’s economy was in ruins, largely on account of the civil war that began in 1988. To make matters worse, a massive national debt and a series of droughts, some particularly severe-did considerable damage to the country’s economy even before the state collapsed. As the bloody civil war seemed to everlast, a jihadist fundamentalist group, Al-Shabaab, gathered its power and seized the south part of Somalia. ____ (Growth of al shabab)

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