Architecture most extensive- renovation started in 2014. As

Architecture and Football

Football is one of the world’s
favourite sport. People love playing it, watching it-and betting on
it. Check
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There are great tournaments and even
better clubs all around the world. One of the most anticipated events
of football is the Fifa World Cup. The next one will be held in 2018
in Moscow. To accommodate thousands of spectators from all around the
world you need stadiums. Giant ones! And there you have the
connection between football and architecture. Anything you build, you
put a lot of effort to design it well. Not only because it costs a
whole lot of fortune to build it but because you want it to last for
many-many years. Especially so if it’s a stadium. It must stand the
test of time. And the eyes of the world is on Moscow. In order to
host the World Cup 2018 extensive improvements had to be carried out
on The Luzhniki Stadium. Let me tell you a little bit more about the
history of this beautiful building.

The stadium was originally built from
1955 to 1956 and was called the Central Lenin Stadium back then. It
functioned as the Soviet Union’s national stadium. It was called The
Luzhniki Stadium from 1992.

The construction work began in the
springtime in 1955. The build was completed in only 450 days. It had
a capacity of 103 000 seats. The design was a bowl with a single tier
for spectators. Its foundation was reinforced concrete, where the
playing field and the running track was hidden behind a monumental
façade.

A major renovation was carried out in
1996 when a roof was put up above the stands. The seating areas have
been refurbished as well resulting in a reduced capacity of 78 000
seats.

The second -and by far the most
extensive- renovation started in 2014. As a result, its capacity has
increased to 81 000 seats.
The biggest challenge was presented by
the fact that the original roof and external walls had to be kept
intact. The work was carried out preserving the historic outer shell.
That made construction works difficult, to say the least.
The stands’ layout changed completely.
The stadium now has 2 smaller tiers with regular seats instead one
large tier it had previously. A narrow balcony has been created
between the tiers with 102 private boxes. The other main change was
that they got rid of the athletic track, making it a football-only
stadium. The floor space increased to 221 000 m², making it the
biggest stadium in Eastern-Europe and one of the largest stadiums in
the world.

Changing the seating layout required to
make an adjustment to the roof, too. While the original frame has
been kept as it was, 7000 m² translucent sheets were added to the
inner surface to protect the new front row seats. It has another
function, too-it can turn into a giant screen to ensure you don’t
miss any action. The cladding was replaced on the entire roof and a
frieze -designed by Art. Lebedev Studio – runs along the building.

Construction was completed by the
summer of 2017 and cost $540 million.

Since its opening a number of events
took place in the stadium: the 1980 Summer Olympics, athletics
events, ice hockey world championships and world-class artists
including Michael Jackson, The Rolling Stones, Madonna, U2 performed
within the walls of the stadium just to mention a few.

The stadium has become a real landmark,
the most iconic stadium of Russia. Even if you are not a big football
fan, watching a match here at this spectacular building, seeing the
walls that were built over 60 years ago and experience history first
hand would be a dream come true for many of us.

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