Executive with terrorism and disasters within the United

Executive orders can have a variety of
effects for our country, both good and bad. Executive order 13228 has had a
positive impact on America. Executive Order 13228, established the Office of
Homeland Security that is held responsible for ensuring the safety of the
United States from terrorist attacks and disasters. Although the attacks of
September 11th, played a role for the initiation of the Executive
Order, it has put in place organization that was previously not there in order to
detect vital intelligence for the importance of protecting the United States.
The Department of Homeland Security is still not perfect and often is criticized
due to its responses to significant events, but it has paved a way for future improvements
in preparations in order to deal with terrorism and disasters within the United
States. It has set fourth organization which was previously not there.

 Section 3 focuses on the functions and
national strategy. Specifically working with agencies, State and local
governments, and NGO’s detection for the detection, prevention, preparing and
protecting the United States and its citizens in the event of a terrorist
attack, as well as the recovery process in the event of a terrorist threats or
attack within the United States. In addition, it outlines detection and pin
points the importance of communications between all agencies for effective
communication to occur. This also allows the passing of intelligence
information, which contains information of imminent threats. This way it will
eliminate the event of an actual attack. Section three also outlines the
response and recovery which includes medical, financial aid to victims of
natural disasters and terrorist threats. It concentrates on the restoration of
facilities and removal of contaminants, which may come as a result of
significant attacks or events. Other focal points of section three include
incident management which appoints the Assistant to the President for Homeland
Security as the primary individual for coordinating the domestic response
efforts of all departments and agencies in the event of a terrorist attack as
well as post attack. This also identifies the Assistant to the President for
Homeland Security as the principal point of contact to the President. The continuity
of government identifies the need for the assistant to the President for
Homeland Security and the assistant to the President for National Security
Affairs, to work hand in hand to review plans and the preparation process for
the continuity of government.  Lastly,
section three covers public affairs which will focus on the delivery of
information to the public, as well as response and precaution information.
Section 4 and 5 state the administration is directed by the assistant to the
president for DHS and establishment of Homeland Security Council, which is
responsible for advising and assisting the President with all aspects of
homeland security.

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Section 1 of Executive order 13f228
details the responsibilities of the Office of Homeland Security states The detection,
preparedness, prevention, protection against, response to, and recovery from
terrorist attacks within America. Section 2 focuses on its mission statement.
The mission focuses on the strategy to protect the United States from enemy
threat and attacks.

The creation of
the Office of Homeland security under executive order 13228     was a positive change for America and
historically impacted our country. The DHS contains the departments of Justice;
Executive Office of Immigration Review, Defense; national defense and bio
weapons, Energy; includes the environmental laboratory, Agriculture; animal and
plant health, Commerce; computer security, State; visa services, Transportation;
TSA, Human Services; medical response and preparedness and Treasury; FLETC and
customs). The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the General Services
Administration are independent offices.

There are several historic events
in the United States history that resulted in the establishment of executive
orders. The terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, on United States soil
resulted in the creation of Executive Order 13228, which was signed by George
W. Bush. The attacks which took place on 9-11 highlighted several weaknesses
and vulnerabilities in America. It reflected on the fact that the United States
was not prepared in the initial response to these attacks. Executive Order
13228 ultimately established the Office of Homeland Security along with its
director who was appointed as the assistant to the president for homeland
security, as outlined in section 1. Under George W. Bush’s proposal, DHS would
organize and structure responses and involvement between all government
agencies on emergency responses. Since there was no organization and
communication problems with all responding agencies, this was something
important that had to be put in place.

Historically,
executive orders have been issued by all the Presidents of the United States,
starting with George Washington’s first executive order on June 8, 1789. An executive order is issued by the President of the United
States, with the power from Congress and the Constitution. There are several things similar to
an executive order such as the president’s directive, memorandum and notice,
just to name a few. Generally what distinguishes a Presidents Executive Order
is the requirement for it to be published and circulated amongst the federal
register and Code of Regulations in order for it to have a legal effect. Executive
orders also don’t require congress approval which makes it a critical tool for
the President, since they can be used to set policy and in order to avoid
opposition.

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