Immigration them are permanent residents. Although the Japanese

Immigration
issues in Japan

Although Japan
lags far behind Europe and North America in accepting foreign workers,
according to data collected by the Japanese government, there are currently 2
million foreigners in Japan and 30% of them are permanent residents. Although
the Japanese government retains an outward position that does not accept
low-labor occupations, it considers adopting a more positive attitude towards
accepting foreign workers required by the construction industry. However, Japan
is likely to soon violate its policy of safeguarding its own contradictions and
will at the same time expand the growth of foreign labor. In the last few days
before the bubble economy burst in 1993, Japan still relied on foreign labor and
the Japanese government launched the “Foreign Training Program”
(Satoshi, 2008). Although it is said that the system was designed to support
foreigners’ access to technology and know-how in Japan’s advanced technologies,
it is actually used to compensate for Japan’s unskilled labor shortage
(Satoshi, 2008).

In developed
countries where immigrants such as the EU and North America play an important
role, the acceptance of foreign workers has become a topic of increasing
controversy. A number of examples have pointed out the challenge of creating a
multicultural society, which illustrates the importance of starting discussions
on Japan’s acceptance of foreign workers. In Germany, for example, various
social issues related to immigration have taken shape. The German example shows
that avoiding face-to-face communication with immigration issues is essentially
the cause of this problem. Lack of policies may be a factor in the development
of immigration and labor issues and also a growing problem. In talking about these
issues, Japan has a lot to learn from the experiences of other countries.

In the case of
highly skilled workers, the competition among advanced countries is getting
more and more intense, in order to obtain such more people. One of the
unfortunate consequences of this competition is the loss of talent in countries
of origin when technical professionals such as doctors, nurses and teachers
migrate. This will lead to the deterioration of social infrastructure and
adversely affect the supply of local skilled workers. One way to avoid this is
to accept skilled workers from advanced countries to train workers in the
countries in which they work. For Japan, which has a weak competitiveness in
attracting highly skilled workforce, it is necessary to put forward a policy of
training qualified personnel and ask them to go to work.

As the Japanese
government is not willing to invite multinational migrant workers to enter
China, companies have to find new ways to find workers. As a result, many
foreigners have participated in a training internship program, an effective
three-year work permit, a source of cheap labor, and eventually work under
harsh conditions.

Japan’s
current immigration policy

Japanese
population contraction is “motivation” rather than
“burden”, and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe sought to encourage
more seniors and women to join the labor force. However, outside observers
believe that mass immigration will provide a more visible solution to the labor
crisis and population issues in Japan.

However, no matter how important this
demand is in the political ranks of this country, it seems that there is no
increase in the will of immigrants.

In 2005,
Sakamoto Sakashita, Tokyo immigration chief, put forward a plan for Japan to
accept 10 million immigrants in 50 years. Few people supported the idea and
later gave up the idea.

During the
period of isolation from 1641 to 1853, Japan prohibited its nationals from
leaving foreigners. Only Chinese and Dutch traders have access to Nagasaki
Port, Kyushu Island, the southernmost tip of Japan. According to Atsushi Kondo,
a law professor and immigration expert at Meiji University, is China likely to
accept foreign workers in the late 1980s in the face of an increasingly serious
labor shortage threat? Since 1988, the Ministry of Labor has hosted a small
number of foreigners with higher skills and qualifications. In the 1990s, all
countries began to encourage “Japanese” (Japanese) to return to China
under special visa procedures.       

However, for
low-skilled workers, the doors are still closed. Although Abe mentions the need
for “foreign technicians” to build the 2020 Olympic building in
Tokyo, he stressed that he should not misunderstand the implementation of
immigration policies when he held an economic conference with the Cabinet in
April 2014.

The intern
program is a harshly criticized government initiative, mainly involving foreign
workers from China and South-East Asia who go to Japan for agriculture and
manufacturing and are said to have mastered the return skills. Experts say the
plan has led to exploitation by some and forced others to rely on
vulnerabilities in the system.

The 2010 law amendment allows asylum
seekers from foreigners applying for a valid visa to start their work six
months after submitting their application. Although it allows asylum-seekers to
wait for the outcome of the case, regains normality and supports themselves,
refugees who do not have a valid visa are not allowed to work.

Comparison
between immigration in Japan and China

 

 

Solutions
to improve the immigration policy

Japan is
considered an “over-age” country, with more than 20% of its
population surpassing 65 and its birth rate has hit a historic low over the
past few decades. According to the forecast by the Japanese Ministry of Health,
by 2060, the population of China is expected to drop from over 40 million in
2010 to 86.74 million. To support the growing silver population, who need
pensions and medical services, fewer and fewer workers pay taxes and Japan’s
economy faces unprecedented challenges. In fact, it is time to begin
considering the best policy of accepting foreign workers and to base these
arguments on objective facts.

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