In to McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y.

               In practice,
it is undeniable that motivating employees is always a headache issue for
management. Three theories are pointed out here to discuss this aspect.
Firstly, this part mentioned to McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y. In particular,
Theory X is a negative opinion with the prejudice that employees feel not
motivated, they hate work, deny their responsibility, and need strict control for
effective performance. In contrast, theory Y is “a positive view” that expects
workers to enjoy work, be responsible, and have self-management (Stephen &
Mary, 2012, p. 431). McGregor believed that Theory Y assumptions should be used
in management and concluded that employee motivation would be optimized by
higher decision making authority, challenging jobs and good interpersonal
relationships (Stephen & Mary, 2012, p. 432). The next theory is Herzberg’s
Two-Factor Theory. This theory proposes that “intrinsic factors are related to job
satisfaction, while extrinsic factors are associated with job dissatisfaction”.
In particular, after Frederick’s research, he has drawn that the answers people
gave when they were satisfied about their jobs were significantly different
from the answers they gave when they were dissatisfied. When they felt good
about their work, they were more likely to “cite intrinsic factors arising from
the job itself” such as “achievement, recognition, and responsibility”…On the
other hand, when there was dissatisfaction, they tended to “cite extrinsic
factors arising from the job context” such as “company policy, supervision,
interpersonal relationships, working conditions, administration” (Stephen &
Mary, 2012, p. 433). HNN(1 The last theory Three – Needs Theory. David
McClelland said that there are three major motives in work. They include “the
need for achievement” – the employees want recognition, good results and
compliment; “the need for power” – “the need to make others behave in a way
that they would not have behaved otherwise”. “the need for affiliation”- good
relationships with colleagues, bosses,..(Stephen & Mary, 2012, p. 434).

 HNN(1Thêm
v? ?ng d?ng c?a theory này. Check paraphrase

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