Issue of gun-related deaths in the world where

Issue of gun control in ensuring national strategy for the protection of individuals and the prevention of disasters.Welcome delegates to the Human Rights council at KESMUN 2018. My name is Elijah Jacob and I shall be chairing the commission alongside Nikhil Isac. After many delegate experiences, this shall be my first chair experience and thoroughly look forward to KESMUN 2018. One piece of advice I would give to all delegates is that it is extremely important to listen to and respect other delegates and this is the way you will be able to debate effectively and successfully.This background paper focuses on the issue of gun control in ensuring the national strategy for the protection of individuals and the prevention of disasters. Please read through it for a better understanding of our topic and to ensure we have a fruitful, rewarding debate.I greatly look forward to the conference and good luck to all delegates preparing.Abstract   This paper focuses on the issue of gun control in ensuring national strategy for the protection of individuals and the prevention of disasters.                Introduction This topic is a recurring issue all around the world and not limited to the United States as it is stated in the second amendment that ‘the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.’ There have been a countless number of shootings in only the past year where almost 35,000 lives have been taken by guns in the country where every citizen has the right to ‘bear arms’But, the United States ranks 35th in the number of gun-related deaths in the world where Honduras dominates inherently. Manifold gun-related deaths that occur are not publicized by western media and therefore go unsolved and without proper justice. Aside from the United States, there are great numbers of  gun-related deaths occurring in many other countries such as South and Central American countries where gun laws are much stricter. A common misconception is that mass shootings by people with serious mental illness represent the most significant relationship between gun violence and mental illness.Gun restriction laws focusing on people with mental illness perpetuate the myth that mental illness leads to violence, as well as the misperception that gun violence and mental illness are strongly linked.Overall, the primary concern should be the number of gun-related deaths in a country as this is a clear indicator of where this issue needs to be resolved chiefly.As seen in Texas where the gunman who took 26 innocent lives was shot by a citizen who had a gun with him, therefore prevented many more lives being lost. Guns have also been proven to save many as perfectly demonstrated in the Texas church. Definition of the issueGun Control is stipulations put in place to administer the use of firearms by civilians to ensure the safety of each and every citizen of a country. It can be seen as of paramount importance in ensuring that weapons do not fall into the wrong hands such as the hands of criminals capable of wreaking havoc and possible turmoil within a country. The argument, however, is how much guns would protect the lives of citizens rather than endanger it. A balance must be found so that disasters such as massacres can be prevented but not to such an extent that weapons fall into the hands of a with sick intentions.In recent years, high profile mass shootings such as the Sandy Hook school shooting in the USA have once again brought the debate surrounding the so called ‘right to bear arms’ to the foreground, but the problem extends far beyond America. The Geneva Declaration estimates that between 2007 and 2012 an annual average of 197,000 people were killed by firearms. This high firearm-related death count is often used to support the debate and the question the international community as a whole faces. Certain steps should be followed in order to make it harder for guns to be bought to decrease this horrific figure.Also, it is very important to consider gun control so that guns do not make it into the hands of terrorists. Gun control is not entirely the solution to gun violence. In fact, toddlers have killed more people than terrorists in the US as seen in this article: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/08/trump-muslim-terrorists-gun-violence-america-deathsGlossary Gun Control- is regulation and laws put in place to administer the manufacture, sale, modification, transfer or use of firearms by civilians.Firearms- a lethal barrelled weapon which inflicts damage on a target by launching one or more projectiles which are discharged by gunpowder.Disaster- a sudden, catastrophic event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources.Terrorist- a person who seeks to carry out a plot to spread terror and to take the lives of a large mass of citizens of a country in pursuit of fulfilling political objectives.State of Emergency- a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted. It is usually declared during a national disaster, terrorist attack or turmoil within a countryHistory of the issueApril 2011: On the morning of April 7, 2011, 12 children aged between 12 and 14 were killed and 12 others seriously wounded by an armed man who entered a school in Rio de Janeiro.December 2012: At Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut, a shooter entered and targeted young children between the ages if six and seven. 27 lives were taken that day including six members of staffFebruary 2014: A 15-year-old high school student opened fire at a school in Moscow killing a teacher and a police officerNovember 2017: A US Air Force veteran entered a Baptist church and killed 26 people. A gunman from a neighbouring home killed the veteran with his glock before he was able to end more lives.November 2017: Gunmen kill 235 in Sinai, Egypt mosque October 2017: A 61-year-old gunman with no criminal history killed 59 people and injured close to 500 with a multitude of automatic guns from the comfort of his Las Vegas hotel roomCurrent SituationJapanIn Japan, it is illegal for any civilian to possess or own firearms of any sort and this led to the near eradication of almost all of its gun violence. For comparison, in 2014, gun-violence related deaths were six in Japan while they were almost 35,000 in the USA.United KingdomGun Laws in the UK are known to be very strict, yet, the UK has the second highest overall crime rate in the EU.United States of AmericaMore than 36,000 Americans were victims of firearm-related deaths in 2015. In 2014, 2,549 children (age 0 to 19 years) died by gunshot and an additional 13,576 were injured.In the Sandy Hook Shooting, Adam Lanza reportedly fired more than 150 shots in less than five minutes from his assault rifle with a high capacity magazine.  Assault weapons are a large threat to any community where they are permitted. They were also used for the worst shooting in US Shooting – Las Vegas Shooting. Assault rifles are usually used for hunting purposes but the question is: how can they be sold to people with ill-intent? This is where it is important to have a system of regulating weaponry available to the public.Approximately 200,000 women in the United States use guns to protect themselves against sexual crime every single year.Possible SolutionsEnforcing more thorough background checks Prohibiting the sale of guns Creating laws and regulations which limit ammunition in the marketPreventing the manufacture, sale, modification, transfer or use of all automatic weapons by civilians.Increase in funding to police forceEducating citizens about the dangers of guns and when to use themEnforcing a much deeper process to be able to obtain a license to own a gunUseful Resourceshttps://gun-control.procon.org/https://home.nra.org/https://www.preventioninstitute.org/focus-areas/preventing-violence-and-reducing-injury/preventing-violence-advocacyhttps://psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.5555/appi.books.9781615371099https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2017/10/4/16418754/gun-control-washington-post

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