On the 29th of June in 1995, the Sampoong
Department Store in Seoul, South Korea, completely collapsed. The collapse is
the deadliest modern building collapse until the attacks in New York city. The
tragedy happened because of multiple errors made by the designers and
contractors who built the store and the negligence of the store owner.
The structure was built on top of a landfill, it was
originally designed for an office building but midway through construction the
chairman wanted to make it into a department store. Many engineers that were
working on the project warned the owner Joon that the changes were dangerous
but he fired them.
In the disaster that occurred, 1500 people were inside
the building and got trapped in which over 500 died and 937 received non-fatal
injuries. The rescue team was not able to start their search till the next day
due to risk of further collapse and rescuers would be at risk, figure 1
illustrates the department facilities for each story