On humanitarian efforts. Because such scandals of greed

On
the other hand, oftentimes, certain pre-determined consequences result in an
opposing outcome. This contradiction often occurs due to ergonomic factors. For
instance, foreign aid should be given as a moral duty independent of its
consequences, and is expected to yield beneficial results. Aid is driven by the
emotional sense of universal empathy and was coined by Jagdish Bhagwati as
“cosmopolitan altruism” – the emotional desire to assist endangered or needy
strangers.1 Although,
Jagdish argues that international aid does not alleviate poverty and creates
“perverse incentives and unintended consequences”.2 In the
Central African Republic, Emperor Bokassa used western aid to buy a gold plated
bed, and Mobutu Sese Seko, dictator of the Democratic of Congo, spent foreign
funds on personal excursions on the Concorde. Thus, these discrepancies between
intentions and realities continue to impact humanitarian efforts. Because such
scandals of greed detract from man’s emotional desire to help, assuming foreign
aid alleviates poverty is naïve. Thus, as long as human behavior remains
unforeseeable, our knowledge of the rules that govern the solution to world
poverty becomes flawed.

 

According to Hume’s principle
of uniformity of nature, “inductive inferences make the assumption that
unobserved cases will resemble previously observed cases”3.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Our belief in this principle can be founded on reasoning, in particular
empirical reasoning. Through empirical reasoning, we use our sense perception
and observations of patterns to infer the existence of others and draw conclusions.  For instance: “whenever there is a typhoon in
the Philippines, classes are cancelled, therefore during the next typhoon school will be closed”. A classic example of
inductive reasoning in science is Émile Durkheim’s study of suicide. Durkheim created
a sociological theory of suicide, based on his study of suicide rates among
Catholics and Protestants.4
He found that suicide was more common in Protestants than Catholics and created
a general theory of how suicide rates fluctuate with changes in social
structure.5
Thus, inductive reasoning begins with generalizations; information about
patterns that were derived from past observations and formed into overarching
concepts. It attempts to construct propositions into realms where no direct information
is available.

1 Galston,
W. (1993). Cosmopolitan Altruism. Social
Philosophy and Policy, 10(1), 118-134. Doi: 10.1017/S0265052500004040

2 Bhagwati, J. (2010). Why
International Assistance Does Not Alleviate Poverty. online Global Policy
Forum. Available at: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/social-philosophy-and-policy/article/cosmopolitan-altruism/D810D8E06CDBC6A43A7B9FC024B3C1AD
Accessed 30 Dec. 2017.

 

3 Ariew, R. and Watkins, E. (2009). Modern Philosophy. An anthology of Primary
Sources. 2nd ed. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Inc. pg. 5-6

4 Cole, N. (2013). Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning – What’s
the Difference? ThoughtCo. Available at: https://thoughtco.com/deductive-vs-inductive-reasoning-3026549 Accessed 1 Jan 2018

5 Cole, N. (2013). Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning – What’s
the Difference? ThoughtCo. Available at: https://thoughtco.com/deductive-vs-inductive-reasoning-3026549 Accessed 1 Jan 2018

BACK TO TOP
x

Hi!
I'm Angelica!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out