The one name: Brown v. Board of Education

The 14th amendment states that everyone and anyone born or naturalized in the united states are citizens of the united states regardless of their skin color, race, religion, etc. This means that no state can make or enforce any law that may affect the immunities of any citizen of the united states. No state also can’t deny a citizen of the life, liberty or property without due process of the law. the 14th amendment was ratified on July 9, 1868 and granted citizenship to everyone in the united states including anyone who was previously a slave.The 15th amendment was added to the constitution so that African American men were able to vote as well as white men. All citizens of the united states were given the right to vote so nobody should be excluded because of their skin color, race, or history of slavery. The 15th amendment was ratified in 1870 but not all states agreed with this decision until right before the 1900’s. The southern states in particular were not happy with this amendment so they made their way around it. They made African American men take a literacy test before voting, knowing they weren’t schooled due to slavery, so they would fail it and not be able to vote.The case of Brown v. Board of Education took place in December of 1952. This case occurred in many states including those of Kansas, D.C., Delaware, Virginia, and South Carolina. These five states went against the constitutional merit of racial segregation in public schools. These cases were all joined under one name: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. This case started when a girl named Linda Brown went to a public school that was far away from her home. Her father wanted to mover her to a different school so that she was closer to home but the school refused. Her father though this was going against his daughters right to the 14th amendment. Two years later, the Supreme Court agreed with Linda Browns father on May 17th which also overturned the decision made in Plessy v. Ferguson.In the case Roe v. Wade, the issue was whether to allow abortion or not. This case was based on a woman named Norma McCovery who had an unwanted pregnancy and didn’t have the financial status to take care of a baby. After she made the decision to abort the baby she met with a lawyer. Her lawyer was a women’s rights activist and thought that the Texas abortion statutes were unconstitutional. She thought the abortion laws went against the 14th amendment by denying her the right to life, liberty, and property. The District Attorney was in favor of the abortion laws. In the end it was decided that it is the women’s decision and she went on to abort the baby.Work cited:United States. National Park Service. “History & Culture.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 18 Jan. 2015. Web. 24 Jan. 2015. . Government Honors Mr. Judson”Roe v. Wade and Its Impact.” Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 24 Jan. 2015. . “14th Amendment.” 14th Amendment. Web. 24 Jan. 2015. “Primary Documents in American History.” 15th Amendment to the Constitution: Primary Documents of American History (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress). Web. 24 Jan. 2015. .

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