student publication is the voice of the students. Campus journalism, then,
plays important role in the school community, as well as in the academe. It
teaches the students to be more responsible members of the society. Thus,
students must balance his/her extracurricular and academic.
is one of the extracurricular that the school had. Extracurricular
participation acts as an agent of resilience by providing students with new
environments for self-discovery, it’s an opening up opportunities for
achievement, and allowing them to assume meaningful roles in their school
communities (Lewis, 2004). Moreover, he argued that it enhances students’
self-esteem and self-efficacy and motivates them to work towards academic goals
and social relations. This results in a stronger sense of school belonging,
which can motivate students to work towards academic goals.
and Schreiber (2004) have categorized extracurricular activities. First as
in-school/out-of-school, then as organized/unorganized and
academic/non-academic. For the reason that these extensive classifications are
believed by some that different types of activities influence students
differently had received higher grades than those not involved in activities.
While (Braktus, et. Al.,2012), defined extracurricular activities as “academic
or nonacademic activities that are conducted under the auspices of the school
but occur outside of normal classroom time and are not part of the curriculum.
They also stated that extracurricular activities do not involve a grade or
academic credit and participation is optional on the part of the student.
based activities such as journalism, when compared to non-school-related
activities, have been found to have a stronger effect regarding to improved
academic achievement. While non-academic activities such as sports, scouting,
and social groups support the development of certain social characteristics,
while academic activities like math or science club positively affect academic
performance (Gerber, 1996).
The government implemented the
Republic Act no. 7079 or also known as Campus Journalism Act of 1991, and
according to section
7, Security of Tenure; “a
member of the publication staff must maintain his or her status as student in
order to retain membership in the publication staff. A student shall not be
expelled or suspended solely on the basis of articles he or she has written, or
on the basis of the performance of his or her duties in the student
publication”. Therefore, the member should take the responsibility not just to
his/her role as the campus journalist but also to academic achievement.
journalists are important element in school as events and information
dissemination. They are key to relay the concerns and issues inside the school
campus. According to De Burgh (2003), journalism should be regarded as a
serious academic discipline and not simply a vocational training.
journalism functions as means to strengthen the ethical values and encourage
the creative and critical thinking to the students. It also functions to help
in the development of personal discipline and moral character.
academic activities, journalistic activities have been found to have positive
effects on student academic performance. During the survey of
Dvorak (1990), the result shows that senior high school and college freshman
who participated in school newspaper and other journalism activities had higher
GPAs, made fewer errors and scored higher on all measures of information
presentation and selection judgment. Moreover, Dvorak (1998) study revealed
that journalism and mass communication students, regardless of year, performed
better in the humanistic part of their high school curriculum than in math and
science. Another study by (Dvorak, et., al. 1994) also found out that students
who are involved in campus journalism had higher writing scores on the ACT
English Assessment than students that were not involved in such activities.
activities positively affect students to academic activities. Effects have been
found to last into college and influence career decisions. High school is
considered by many to be the best place to generate interest in journalism as a
career and to turn into lifelong newspaper readers, according to Castaneda
(2001). Dvorak (1990) found that students who participated in a journalism
activity were 10 times as likely to choose a journalism/communications major in
college and pursue it as a career as other students. Results from the 1997
American Society of Newspaper Editors study found that 25% of journalists
interviewed decided on their career while they were in high school (Butler,
The survey of Becker, Wilcox, and Vlad (2009) in the year
20017 reveals that students of job market who were members of campus journalism
received an A grade in science, mathematics, and English subject. This proof
that campus journalism has positive effect to academic achievement of the
Holland and Andre (1987) perspective considers extracurricular activities as
purely leisure and not part of the purpose of schools. The developmental
perspective considers extracurricular activities necessary to the total
development of the student in today’s schools. Educators who believe in the
academic perspective argue that time spent away from the classroom decreases
the student’s chances for success. Even those activities that don’t require
loss of classroom time are perceived to take away study time activities.
and after school activities serve many purposes depending on the age group and
interests of the student as well as availability at school or in the community
(Eide & Ronan, (2001). The generation nowadays were much different from the
past generations. It maybe the effect of the growing market of technology that
the millennials adapt as they grow.
Among most traditional classifications, journalism is
considered an elective, non-essential additive to an
English program. However, English educators across the nation have begun to
implement journalism programs in order to help students better grasp both the
reading and writing of non-fiction literature (Lawritson,
2006). Additionally, journalism gives students a familiarity and fluency
in writing, which can be applied in almost every aspect of a student’s
In view of
the above situation, the researcher was motivated to undertake a furthermore
study on the extent influence of campus journalism to the academic achievement
in students of Impasugong National High School, Impasugong I District, Division
of Bukidnon during the school year 2017-2018.