Theories of Emotion
1. People can practice
physiological motivation without experience emotion, such as when they have
been in a row. (The race heart in this case is not an suggestion of fear.)
reactions happen too slowly to cause experiences of emotion, which occur very
quickly. For example, when someone is in a shady path only, a rapid sound
usually provokes an direct experience of fright, while the physical “symptoms”
of fright generally track that sensation.
3. People can experience
very different emotions even when they have the same example of physiological
stimulation. For example, a person may have a racing heart and fast inhalation together
when he is heated and when he is frightened.
Cannon planned his
own theory of emotion in the 1920s, which was extensive by another
physiologist, Philip Bard,
in the 1930s. The resulting Cannon-Bard
theory states that the experience of emotion happens at the equal
time that physiological stimulation
happens. Neither one causes the further. The brain gets a communication that
causes the experience of emotion at the same time that the autonomic nervous system
gets a message that causes physiological stimulation.
The psychologist Richard
Lazarus’s research has shown that people’s experience of emotion depends
on the way they review or evaluate the events approximately them.
Example: If Tracy is driving on a windy road by the edging
of a tall precipice, she may be worried about the danger of the path. Her customer,
on the other hand, thinks about the loveliness of the vision. Tracy will perhaps
sense startled, while her traveler may sense ecstatic.
1 Theories of Emotion
Emotion is a multipart, subjective experience accompany
by life and behavioral change. Emotion involve sensation, idea, opening of the
nervous system, physiological changes, and behavioral changes such as facial words.
Different theories exist about how and why
people experience emotion. These take in evolutionary theories, the James-Lange theory, the Cannon-Bard theory, Schechter and
Singer’s two-factor theory, and cognitive assessment.
More than a century ago, in the 1870s, Charles Darwin planned that
emotions evolve because they have adaptive value. For example, fright evolve
because it helped people to act in ways that enhanced their chances of
survival. Darwin believed that facial expressions of emotion are inborn
(hard-wired). He pointed out that facial expressions agree to people to rapidly
referee someone’s hostility or kindliness and to converse intention to others.
modern evolutionary theories of emotion also consider emotions to
be native responses to stimuli. Evolutionary theorists have a propensity to downplay
the influence of over all and knowledge on emotion, although they acknowledge
that both can have an effect. Evolutionary theorists believe that all individual
cultures divide some primary emotions, including happiness, dislike, blow, aversion,
anger, fright, and sorrow. They believe that all other emotions result from blend
and different intensities of these primary emotions. For example, terror is a
more strong form of the primary emotion of fright.
The James-Lange Theory
In the 1880s, two theorists, psychologist William James and
physiologist Carl Lange,
independently planned an plan that challenge commonsensical viewpoint about
emotion. This idea, which came to be known as the James-Lange theory, is that people experience
emotion because they identify their bodies’ physiological responses to outside procedures.
According to this theory, people don’t weep because they sense sad. Fairly people
sense upside because they weep, and, likewise, they feel happy because they
smile. This theory suggests that different physiological states communicate to
different experiences of emotion.
The Cannon-Bard Theory
The physiologist Walter Cannon disagreed with
the James-Lange theory, posing three main arguments against it: