are many impacts rise as the outcome of the current sea and marine situation
that is quite worrisome. The Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of The
Republic of Indonesia, Susi Pudjiastuti, said that Indonesia experienced losses
up to 300 trillion of rupiahs from IUU per year. We can see the first impact
from the damage of our marine ecosystem. A data presented by LIPI stated that
in 2017, only 6.39% of our coral reefs that suits to be in the very excellent
condition category, followed by 23.40%
that suits to be called as excellent coral reefs condition, around
35.06% included in the average condition category, and for 35.15% of our coral
reefs condition belongs to poor category (LIPI, 2017).
damage that happens to our coral reefs is mostly caused by overfishing using
destructive fishing tools such as modified trawls, poison, and explosive gears.
The main reason fishers using those three fishing tools is to get as much fish
as they can without thinking the consequences. A lot of small fishes that are
not supposed to be catch by human got carried away alon with the kinds of
fishes that are meant to be caught. Coral reefs are affected as well, and this
is a danger situation because coral reefs are the place for small fishes to
reproduce and yet their habitat is gone due to human wrong doings.
causes the next impact, which is the depleting stocks of marine resources
especially fishes. Fishes are one of the sources of animal protein which is
needed for human’s lives. If overfishing action using destructive tools keeps
going on, it is not impossible that we would run out of fishes sooner than we thought.
If fishes and other edible marine animals are nowhere to be found, then fishermen
would eventually lose their jobs and become unemployement, and us as consumer will
never be able to eat seafoof and gain so many animal protein from them again. Not
just that, our country’s economy would also get affected because we can’t export
fishery products because there isn’t any.
activities also worsen the condition of our sea and marine resources along with
plastic debris that polluted the sea. The spills from oil blocks the sunlight so
it can goes through the surface of the sea and lighten the sea, because marine biota
also needs sunshine to live. Plastic debris also damaging our marine animals because
some of them unaccidentally ingest the plastic and they become sick or evem worse,
in some cases, some of them are dead due to the amoun of plastic debris inside their