Throughout not aware of wage discrimination between men

Throughout history, women
have been fighting for their equality (Burkett, 2016). Finally, most of women
can get educated and can go out and work in workplaces instead of staying at
home and taking care of children. However, even though, women get the right to
be educated and work, their efforts have been ignored (Burkett, 2016). Some
women face a problem in the workplace, just because they are being women
(Jeanetta, 2016). The problem that women face in workplace is gender discrimination.
Gender discrimination is the idea that men and women are not equal (World
Health Organization, 2009). Although, laws and policies about gender
discrimination in workplaces, such as California’s fair pay Amendment, have
been developed, it is still an unavoidable issue (Faustman, 2017). As women are
part of the social fabric of today’s society, they are discriminated at work,
subject to verbal and physical abuse, and are unheard by the community which
they live in.

Gender discrimination exists in the
workplace. The most common discrimination in the workplace is the wage gap.
Wage gap between men and women is the difference between salary and benefits
given to men compared to those given to women for the same amount of work
(Allen, 2016). According to the article from CBCnews, women earn 89 cents as
men get one dollar (Solomon, 2017). Additionally, according to a White House
brief, it is shown that the salary of women is 79% of men’s income (Allen,
2016). California legislated the Fair Pay Amendment to promote wage equality in
the workplace which is a good start and hopefully leads to change. However,
there are places in the world where they are not aware of wage discrimination between
men and women.

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Pregnancy discrimination also occurs in
workplace. It affects women’s chance to get hired (Allen, 2016). Women are
actually refused to be hired because of pregnancy (Lahle, 2017). Employers are concerned
that hiring pregnant women will result in high expenditures such as medical
costs, reduced productivity, and employing temporary workers. According to the
Canadian Human Right Act, employers cannot discriminate against pregnant women
in workforce (Ontario Human Rights Commission, 2016). However, employers are
against the law due to their profit and benefit (Lahle, 2017).

Sexual harassment is a serious issue in the
workplace which happen very frequently (World Health Organization, 2017). Sexual
harassment is defined as unwelcome sextual behaviors or non-verbal behaviors
that make a person feel offended and uncomfortable (Ontario Human Rights
Commission, 2016). Sharing or showing inappropriate pictures or videos, making
sexual jokes or making sexual comments about clothing or body parts are examples
of sexual harassment (Alison, 2017). According to Statistics Canada, women
self-reported 553,000 sextual assaults in 2014. Moreover, according to Ontario
Human Rights Commission, one out of three working women have experienced
sextual harassment.

Facing discrimination, women suffer both
mentally and physically. Sexual harassments are subject to high blood pressure
and obesity (Gender equality, 2015). The researchers found that sexual assault
may trigger the same type of physiological reactions as stress, which lead to rise
the risk of cardiovascular disease (Nicole, 2017). By being stressed, women who
are discriminated against hurt their body by smoking, and overeating which
leads to obesity (Nicole, 2017). Moreover, depression and low self-esteem, post-traumatic
stress disorder (PTSD), and social isolation are result of women being
discriminated against (Gender equality, 2015). Dr. Helen Wilson, a licensed
clinical psychologist, says that “Among women who experience a sextual assault,
90 percent who experience sexual violence in the immediate aftermath exhibit
symptoms of acute stress”. According to US National Library of Medicine National
Institutes of Health, sextual harassment can cause long-term depressive
symptoms. These negative health issues have economic consequence like reduction
in productivity. Plus, when women leave the job, they should look for the new
worker to employ. As gender discrimination is related close to health problems,
it is necessary to concern more about the issue of discrimination and be aware
of ways to prevent discrimination in the workplace. 

Individuals, communities,
and media outlets must speak up and raise their voices to prevent further risks
of women being discriminated against. Workplaces can increase the risks from
discrimination by maintaining inequality in general, but they can also reduce
the risks by setting policies, sharing information, promoting skills
development, and encourage employers and employees to prevent violence.

As individual continues to work on setting
policies, it will help to prevent gender discrimination in the workplace
(Jeanetta, 2017). The first step to prevent discrimination in the workplace
will be promoting gender equality and have respectful relationships between men
and women (Jeanetta, 2017). Men should not view women as sexual targets and
women should not view men as the enemy. If there are rules and policies, people
will be forced to follow them. Encouraging workers to review workplace policies
will act as friendly reminders of the equality in the workplace. Anti-harassment
and anti-discrimination policies will be an example of policies (Ontario Human
Rights Commission, 2016). When someone experiences discrimination in any way, it
is important to speak up. Victims do not need to be ashamed and must report
about the situation right away to develop an action plan and seek advice from
institutions about violence prevention and gender equality. Sometimes people discriminate,
but they are not aware of the action (Anthony, 2016). Therefore, companies
should educate every employee about what are the forms of gender
discrimination, negative impacts on it, and prevention and strategies to make
the issue better and raise awareness. Participating in this program must be
mandatory.

If the community opens various programs to
supports equality, there might be improvements with the issue of inequality. There
are programs and meetings that are open for the women’s rights. One of the
meeting available is called “Girl Geek dinner” which is weekly affair a held in
London (World Health Organization, 2009). In the meeting, women gather to talk
about professions that are usually dominated by men, such as architecture,
technology, and construction. This meeting is very helpful as they serve to
help sharing their experiences and knowledge on how to be successful in the
field. Another program “The gender equality forum” was held in Toronto last
year 2017 in April (Global Compact Network Canada, 2017). An action plan was
provided to improve on gender equality. They also gave participants information
about how the workplace, the marketplace, and the community are taking action
to advance gender equality (Global Compact Network Canada, 2017). Participants
had time to share their experiences and solution with each other (Global
Compact Network Canada, 2017). Female leaders such as Elizabeth Dowdeswell
(Lieutenant Governor of Ontario), Maryam Monsef (Minister of Status of Wowen), and
Kathleen Wynne (Premier of Ontario), etc., visited to support the event (Global
Compact Network Canada, 2017). Women entrepreneurs and leaders who had
difficulty with gender discrimination in the workplace and overcame the problem
visited as well (Global Compact Network Canada, 2017). As the community held
meetings and shared information, there may be more changes and improvements (Global
Compact Network Canada, 2017).

As technology has developed, people have
instant access to media such as the internet and the television. What people
see and read influence their opinion and create bias. Media often shows women
as only beautiful and weak which sets the standard of women’s image (Gevorgyan,
2016). If media changes the image of how women appear, it will help women’s
image as a whole. Media can show how serious gender discrimination is through
the series of programs or campaigns which will create awareness and which will
reduce inequality.

Gender discrimination in the workplace is a
serious issue. However, it is possible to solve the issue through the effort of
individuals, communities, and media outlets. Women should not suffer from
inequality in the workplace. Moreover, there should be policies to ensure
workplace inequality is taken seriously. Those experiences of the serious issue
need to be heard and their voice cannot be silenced anymore. Finally. Women should
come together as community and stand up to the inequality and abuse that they have
endured throughout history.

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