Tobago has 9592 km of roadways in length, of which 5524 km is paved. The road
network is mostly confined to foothills of mountain ranges, the plains and
along the coastline.
Strategy Paper’ suggests priority to be given to an investment in road,
bridge and drainage works as the network has deteriorated significantly over
is provided by a bus service operated by government-owned Public Transport
Service Corporation (PTSC), privately owned mini-buses (locally known as
maxi-taxis) and privately owned cars.
The main bus
terminals at City Gate in South Quay, Port of Spain and at Sangster’s Hill in
some cars carry passengers along fixed routes for a fixed fare. Car taxis are
not allowed to utilise the Priority Bus Route, and as such maxi-taxis and
buses are preferable.
has also been a growth in popularity of American-style taxi-cabs that do not
work along a fixed route and they can be booked for specific times for
There is a
minimal agricultural railway system near San Fernando, but the Trinidad
Government Railway was gradually scaled back until it was discontinued in
The country has
2 airports, one on each island. The larger of the two is Piarco International
Airport (PIA) in Trinidad though ANR Robinson (TAB) also has service to the
United States and Europe.
PIA has a
3,600-metre runway able to accommodate large wide-body commercial aircraft.
The airport’s north terminal features 14 second-level aircraft gates with jet
bridges for international flights, two ground-level domestic gates and 82
ticket counter positions.
PIA has been
outpacing regional peers in passenger and cargo movement growth and is
emerging as a cargo hub in the southern Caribbean, well positioned to serve
the growing South American market. While many other southern Caribbean
airports are restricted by limited runway sizes, PIA is well positioned to
become a break bulk centre, receiving large loads, and repackaging and
forwarding freight for regional delivery
Authority of Trinidad and Tobago has been attempting to diversify its
business portfolio and increase its non-aeronautical revenue by developing
the Caribbean’s first “aerotropolis.”
TAB has been
experiencing rapid domestic traffic growth, which is placing significant
pressure on existing infrastructure.
Caribbean Airlines became the leading airline in the Caribbean and a flag
carrier for Guyana and Jamaica (after purchasing bankrupt Air Jamaica), with
an operational base at Norman Manley International Airport in Jamaica as
American and Canadian LCCs JetBlue and WestJet into the region has been
eating into Caribbean Airlines’ main source of profit.
Authority of Trinidad and Tobago is a statutory body under the Port Authority
of Trinidad and Tobago Governing Unit (PATTGU) and governs all activities
relating to sea freight in the country and directs several smaller bodies
within the bounds of the Port Authority Act (1961).
PATTGU is also
responsible for the Trinidad and Tobago Inter-Island Transportation Company
(TTIT) which runs a passenger ferry service between the islands.
Association of Trinidad and Tobago is a major industry body which is
affiliated with other regional associations including the Caribbean Shipping
There are two
main maritime ports in the country that currently undertake transhipment
activity – the port of Port of Spain and that of Point Lisas. It has 15
berths of varying lengths, from 72-248m with a depth of over 200m.
The Port at
Point Lisas is often referred to as the ‘gateway to the Americas’ and has
Point Lisas Industrial Port Development Corporation (PLIPDECO) as is
authority. Point Lisas has six commercial berths and deals with shipments of
a wide range of goods.
between Port of Spain and Scarborough. Cars can be brought onto the ferries which
run daily. The ferries are inexpensive, in spite of the minimum 2½–3 hour
travel time between Port of Spain and Scarborough.
The Water Taxi
Service (Trinidad and Tobago) operates between the cities of Port of Spain
and San Fernando at a peak rate of five sailings from San Fernando to Port of
Spain per morning. Each sailing carries approximately 400 passengers. Travel
time is 50 mins and the cost of the service is heavily subsidized.